In an effort for a greener tomorrow, a new roadmap was created with a specific vision and a plan in mind.
Spearheaded by Stanford's Mark Z. Jacobson and 26 colleagues, the new roadmap showcases changes needed to be undertaken by the 139 countries involved to be able to use 100% renewable energy, meaning these countries will be powered by wind, water, and sunlight, in 2050 and after the electrification of all energy sectors.
Can be seen as an ambitious project, this project is expected to reap serious benefits. According to the roadmap, the transition can lead up to lesser worldwide energy consumption since it renewable energy is going to be used; more jobs can be established, which is expected to be an increase of 24 million long-term jobs; a decrease in 4-7 million air pollution deaths per year; stabilisation of energy prices; and can save over $20 trillion in health and climate costs.
This project was featured last August 23 in the journal Joule, Cell Press's new publication that focuses on sustainable energy.
There will be a lot of things to be assessed in order to start the project. It was revealed that every country involved in the project will have their raw renewable energy resources, number of wind, water, and solar energy generators in need of an upgrade to reach 80% renewable by 2030 and 100% by 2050, the number of rooftop areas and land that these sources would need, and how this can help cut costs and reduce energy demand in comparison with a business-as-usual scenario will be examined. Other aspects that are need of evaluation are also each country's electricity, transportation, heating and cooling, industrial, agriculture, forestry, and fishing sectors.
"Both individuals and governments can lead this change. Policymakers don't usually want to commit to doing something unless there is some reasonable science that can show it is possible, and that is what we are trying to do," says Jacobson, director of Stanford University's Atmosphere and Energy Program and co-founder of the Solutions Project via Solar Daily.
"There are other scenarios. We are not saying that there is only one way we can do this, but having a scenario gives people direction."
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